Thursday, 10 July 2014

More on Dartmouth Street Names!

In addition to reading this post, consult my earlier posts  Past and Present Street Names and Why is it called that? Street Name Origins. I go on many walks throughout old Dartmouth. I take pictures of historic buildings, heritage plaques and beautiful scenery. If I want to learn more about a Dartmouth history topic, I consult The Story of Dartmouth. My street name posts have been very popular.
I would love more historical information on your favourite streets!

Albert Street: Evergreen Street. Evergreen House is the current home of the Dartmouth Heritage Museum and  is situated at the end of Albert Street, on Newcastle Street. Albert Street was created to serve as path to what is now Newcastle Street. This addition created "Five Corners."

From pages 24-25, Story of Dartmouth:
West of the Hazelhurst railway trestle, the line fence meets the first of the estates "across the Canal." This is "Evergreen" at 26 Newcastle Street, built with 20 Rooms on the 19th century property of Judge Alexander James. On the point of land jutting into the Mill Cove was James' wharf. His boat-house, seen in old photos, stood on the present location of the landing stage of the Town Construction Material, Limited. A much earlier chart has this place marked as being Synott's wharf and limekilm. Tons of broken stone under the thin layer of grassy surface on the point bear evidence of the presence of stonecutters.
There used to be a thick stand of spruce trees on that high bank of glacial clay which is now being gradually carted away. This grove must have extended all around the plateau fronting Newcastle Street. Judge James' daughter, Mrs. Saidie Morrison now in Vancouver, informs me that when her father moved into their new house in June 1867, he had a rough coach-road cut through the Evergreen woods to Burton's Hill. Thus we have authentic information of the beginnings of Albert Street. Mrs. Morrison was later born at Evergreen.
Front entrance of Evergreen House (operated by the Dartmouth Heritage Museum). Photo: David Jones, July 9, 2014.

Corner of Albert Street (originally a private driveway) and Newcastle Street taken from the Dartmouth Heritage Museum's Evergreen House.
Photo Credit: David Jones, July 9, 2014.

Photo courtesy Nova Scotia Archives. V7/239 - 1892. Plan of Mount Amelia Homestead.
Note: On this plan, today's Portland Street is Cole Harbour Road. Johnston's Mount Amelia estate still stands on Blink Bonnie Terrace, Dartmouth. Mount Amelia and Blink Bonnie were two different estate houses.
As I stated in the earlier street names  origins post; according to pages 18 and 19 of The Story of Dartmouth, Blink Bonnie Terrace is named for 'Blink Bonnie' (Beautiful View) house which was on the site of today's #7 Blink Bonnie Terrace. Blink Bonnie (named by David Redmond) was a house built  by John P. Esdaile in 1870. Blink Bonnie was called, for a time, 'Mount Pleasant' by the family of Judge Benjamin Russell.

Backyards of Blink Bonnie Terrace. Photo Credit: David Jones, June 5, 2014.

According to local folk artist Kevin O'Neill (who lives on Blink Bonnie Terrace), this picture shows remains of the porch of the original Blink Bonnie house.
 Photo Credit: David Jones, June 5, 2014.

Photo Credit: David Jones, June 5, 2014.
From pages 18-19 of  John Martin's Story of Dartmouth (I have made a few additions in plain text):
Somewhat to the left of Mapledene (72 Johnston Avenue, Dartmouth), the row of new residences is Blink Bonnie Terrace. On the location of the Lovett dwelling at no. 7 (my backyard pictures are taken from 7/9 Blink Bonnie Terrace), stood a 15-roomed high-ceiling house overlooking the whole declivity. It was built and occupied by John P. Esdaile, the same man who owned Mapledene. Both houses were constructed about 1870 in a wilderness where partridge whirred, rabbits ran riot, and woodpeckers hammered away at mouldering tree-trunks.
By that time Mr. Esdaile's eyesight is said to have failed, yet he designed the architecture of these houses by pin-plotting the points on paper. He and Dr. A. C. Cogswell were among the incorporators of Prince Arthur Park Development Company which had just purchased that part of Mount Amelia to lay out the first roads and building lots.
The Esdaile land contained about four acres, most of which was on the slope towards the main road. Down thrown the tall birches, curved a shady driveway, visible yet at 135 Pleasant Street. Near this entrance was the gate-keeper's lodge. It still stands as a remodeled residence at 141 Pleasant Street.
Gatewats to cultivated fields and orchards had to be guarded, for those were the days when stray cattle browsed around the foot-paths. Or, perhaps in that isolated section, groups of half-grogged artillerymen returning on midsummer night's leave, would be roving along the "Eastern Passage Road" in the general direction of their barracks at Fort Clarence (present-day Esso Oil Refinery).
Judge Benjamin Russell, a former Magistrate of Dartmouth, a founder of Dalhousie Law School, and twice a member of the Dominion House of Commons, dwelt in the Esdaile house for many years, It was up there that he entertained the Prime Minister of Canada, the Right Honorable Sir Wilfrid Laurier, about 1899.
When the late David Redmond acquired the property, he named it Blink Bonnie, meaning "Nice View" The imposing old structure remained in possession of the Redmond family until its demolition about 1938. Until that time there were no other houses on that broad sector to Cameron Street, except Mount Amelia, Blink Bonnie and Mapledene. Dartmouthians abroad will be surprised to learn that the whole hill from Pleasant Street upwards is now ribboned and rimmed with roof-tops (Dartmouthians, today, would be more surprised to know their were big estates located on this hill, instead of rows of houses).

Notes by John Martin on Dartmouth place names:

The name "Burnside" comes from the rural estate of Duncan Waddell whose farmhouse stood about 100 yards west of the underpass on the south side of the road opposite the Western Plumbing Co.
Tufts' Cove is named for Gersham Tufts page 71.
Wallis Heights is named for Admiral Provo Wallis, described on p. 118.
Port Wallace is named for Hon. Michael Wallace, Canal President p. 144 (Please don't spell it Port Wallis.)
Westphal is named after two brothers of that name who became Admirals in the British Navy, page 19, also see Index.
The name Preston is explained on page 92. There are two claimants to the title. See Mrs. Lawson's History page 171.
Montague is named for Colonel George Montagu whose property described on page 292 extended to the present mining village. (There is a Montagu Road in Point Pleasant Park named for a cousin of Colonel George Montagu).
Waverly was the name of the estate of Charles P. Allen who was a great admirer of Sir Walter Scott's novels. The house used to be called Palmer Lodge but is now named Full Circle.
The name Woodlawn was first applied to the cemetery of that place, according to Mrs. Lawson's History. Ebenezer Allen owned the land and laid out a burial place for the dead in the late 1700s.
The name Woodside is explained on page 12. The building is 428 Pleasant Street. It was still standing in 1965.

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